Category Archives: Foods

Peas

Latin Name: Pisum sativum What are Peas? Peas are legumes, plants that bear fruit in pods enclosing the fleshy seeds we call beans. Peas are one of the few members of the legume family that are prepared in the same way as fresh vegetables. It seems that the Chinese, a culture that had consumed this…

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Broccoli

Latin name: Brassica oleracea L. var. italica What is Broccoli? A member of the Cruciferae family (also known as the Brassicaceae family), broccoli is related to kale, cabbage, collards, and Brussels sprouts. Broccoli has large flower heads, usually green, which are arranged in a tree-like formation on branches sprouting from a thick stalk. Broccoli’s name…

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Seaweed

Latin names: Nori (a type of red algae) Porphyra yezoensis and Porphyra tenera Kombu (a type of brown algae) Saccharina japonica or Laminaria japonica Dulse (a type of red algae) Palmaria palmata Wakame Undaria pinnatifida Hijiki (a type of brown sea vegetable) Sargassum fusiforme What is Seaweed? Neither a vegetable nor an animal, seaweed is…

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Mushroom

Latin names Cultivated: A. bisporus (Button, Crimini, and Portobello) Wild varieties: Cantharellus cibarius (Chanterelle), Agaricus campestris (field), Morchella vulgaris (Morel), Suillus luteus (Pine), Boletus edulis (Porcini) Exotic varieties: Flammulina velutipes (Enoki), Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster), Lentinus edodes (shiitake), Grifola frondosa (maitake) What are Mushrooms? A mushroom is the fleshy, fruiting body of a fungus, which thrives…

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Asparagus

Latin name: Asparagus oficinalis What is Asparagus? Asparagus is a member of the lily family with an erect stalk and small, scale-like leaves along the stalk, capped by a ruffle of small leaves. A young stalk is tender with a slightly pungent, bitter flavor, an apple-green color and a purple tinged tip. It becomes tougher…

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Watercress

Latin name: Nasturtium officinale What is Watercress? Watercress is a semi-aquatic perennial plant native to Europe and Asia, and is among the oldest known leaf vegetable to be consumed by humans. Watercress is part of the Cruciferea family (also known as Brassicaceae), or cabbage family, and is noteworthy for its peppery, tangy flavor. The green…

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Watermelon

Latin Name: Citrullus lanatus What is a Watermelon? Nothing quite says summer like a wedge of juicy watermelon. The vine-growing watermelon comes with or without seeds and features a pulp ranging in color from red to orange, yellow, or white, and weighing anywhere from less than one pound to 200 pounds. The watermelon can be…

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Whole Wheat

Latin name: Triticum What is Whole Wheat? A grass that is closely related to barley and rye, wheat is one of the most important cereal crops in the world, feeding an estimated one third of the planet’s population. Wheat is a leading source of vegetable protein for human consumption, boasting a higher protein content than…

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Winter Squash

Latin names to common winter squash varieties: Cucurbita maxima (includes Kabocha, Hubbard, and Turban) Cucurbita mixta (includes Butternut) Cucurbita pepo (includes Acorn and Spaghetti) Other Name: pumpkin What is Winter Squash? Winter squash are part of the Cucurbitaceae family and are relatives of both the melon and the cucumber. In other countries, all varieties of…

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Walnut

Latin name: nux Gallica (walnut), Juglans major (walnut tree) What is Walnut? Walnuts come from an ornamental deciduous tree from the Juglandaceae family. The Latin name, Juglans, is derived from “Jupiter glans,” which means “Jupiter’s acorn:” a nut fit for a god. The walnut kernel consists of two bumpy lobes that are thought by some…

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